College Planning Resources
Types of Colleges
Private Liberal Arts Colleges
This is the oldest type of college and the one which many feel offers the strongest background for specialized or professional training. It is designed to give students a broad cultural foundation in the arts and sciences, and offers a four-year program leading either to a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree. Much of the first two years of study is in required “core curriculum” courses, and the last two years are in a major concentration.
The difference between a college and university is that the university is an institution, which normally includes three types of schools: an undergraduate college, various categories of professional schools, and a graduate school. The private universities are normally smaller in enrollment than the state universities.
State University or College
The state university or state college is supported financially by the state. The student body is normally quite large in number. Being publicly funded, it offers tuition rates well below that of most private colleges and universities; however, rates are usually higher for out-of-state students. State institutions usually give special consideration to in-state students. Admission requirements for out-of-state applicants are usually highly selective. This is especially true for the state university systems in Virginia, Texas, North Carolina, Michigan, California, and Florida.
These are degree-granting colleges which offer intensive training in engineering and applied sciences. Undergraduate study may sometimes run five years in cooperation with liberal arts colleges on the three-two Plan.
These are two-year colleges which offer a wide variety of academic programs leading to an Associates Degree. Students earning the A.A./A.S. degree may pursue employment upon graduation or may transfer to a four-year institution of higher learning